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Saturday, November 10, 2012

Istiklal Street


İstiklâl Caddesi, (Osmanlıca: (1927'den önce) Cadde-i Kebir, Büyük Cadde, Fransızca:
Grande Rue de Pera), İstanbul'un en eski semtlerinden biri olan Beyoğlu'nda Tünel
 ile Taksim Meydanı arasında uzanan ve 19. yüzyılın sonlarından beri Türkiye'nin
 en ünlü caddelerinden biri olma vasfını koruyan cadde. 1,400 metre uzunluğundaki
caddenin  orta noktası Galatasaray Lisesi'nin yanından geçen Yeniçarşı Caddesi'nin caddeyi
 kestiği ve 50. Yıl Anıtı'nın bulunduğu yer kabul edilir. Paralelinde uzanan Tarlabaşı
Bulvarıyla beraber Beyoğlu İlçesi'nin ana eksenini oluşturur. Ortalama olarak 74 metre
 yükseklikte yer alan İstiklal Caddesi idari olarak 9 ayrı mahalleyi kapsar.



 İstiklal Avenue or Istiklal Street (Turkish: İstiklâl Caddesi, French: Grande Rue de Péra,
English: Independence Avenue) is one of the most famous avenues in Istanbul, Turkey,
 visited by nearly 3 million people in a single day over the course of weekends. Located
in the historic Beyoğlu (Pera) district, it is an elegant pedestrian street, approximately
 three kilometers long, which houses exquisite boutiques, music stores, bookstores, art
 galleries, cinemas, theaters, libraries, cafés, pubs, night clubs with live music, historical
patisseries, chocolateries and restaurants.


The avenue, surrounded by late Ottoman era buildings (mostly from the 19th and early
 20th centuries) that were designed with the Neo-Classical, Neo-Gothic, Beaux-Arts, Art
 Nouveau and First Turkish National Architecture (Birinci Millî Mimarî Akımı) styles; as
 well as a few Art Deco style buildings from the early years of the Turkish Republic, and a
number of more recent examples of modern architecture; starts from the medieval
Genoese neighbourhood around Galata Tower and ultimately leads up to Taksim Square.


Galatasaray Square is located at approximately the center of the avenue and is home to
one of the finest educational institutions established in Turkey at the time of the Ottoman
 Empire; originally known as the Galata Sarayı Enderun-u Hümayunu (Galata Palace
Imperial School) and today known as Galatasaray High School.


 In the historic Karaköy (Galata) district towards the southern end of the avenue, it is possible
 to see the world's second-oldest subway station, generally known and referred to as simply
Tünel (The Tunnel) which entered service in 1875. Moreover, the German High School of
Istanbul (Deutsche Schule Istanbul in German, Özel Alman Lisesi in Turkish) is also
located near Tünel.


Origin Wikipedia

 

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